Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous are two of the most popular 12-step groups.
Alcoholics Anonymous was started in 1935 by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith. Their primary purpose as a group is to help alcoholics achieve and maintain sobriety. The 12-Step Program that is at the core of Alcoholics Anonymous were developed by these two men along with other early members.
Narcotics Anonymous sprang from AA, and it was officially founded in 1953. NA is exactly like AA, but it focuses more on the abuser of narcotics instead of alcohol.
- The Twelve Steps of both programs essentially involve the following:
- the admission that one is powerless over his or her addiction or alcoholism
- the recognition of a higher power that gives strength
- the reflection of previous errors and mistakes with the help of an experienced member of the group known as a sponsor
- the making amends for these previous errors
- the adopting of a new way of life and new code of behavior
- the helping of others who also suffer from alcoholism or drug addiction
For more information about these groups, please have a look at the following websites: